Building headers with carpentry framing for windows and doors
Part of carpentry framing is the use of headers. Wherever you have an exterior door or window, you will want to put a header to distribute the weight from the upper level and roofing to the floor. A 2×6 works well for headers as long as you have adequate support with the cripple studs.
After you get the walls up, you will need to run a double plate on top to hold the sections together better. The same thing applies to the interior walls.
A top plate all the way around the exterior wall will be a 2×4 or a 2×6 depending on the thickness of the wall. Most interiors are 2×4 studs so the top plate will be 2×4’s. Make sure to offset the joints to maintain stability.
This is how you overlap the joints for extra strength. This is necessary on interior walls.
Interior walls and some outside walls will need to have pipes running through them. This substantially weakens the strength of the board so reinforcements will need to be made.
The height of the walls is really up to the owner, but certain dimensions make for easier work. Back in the 70’s, a ceiling height of 7’6” was quite common, but after that, trends went into different directions.
A good measurement is an 8’ ceiling. Whatever you decide, you need to remember to adjust your wall height to include the top plate. You can use builder studs that are already cut to the perfect height.
Building door headers is simple too. You can use 2X10’s or 2X6’s with cripple studs for the header.
That pretty much covers window and door headers. The next part of the learning how to frame a house will be building the roof and eaves.
Over 4 million visitors to this site since it was born!
My newsletter keeps you up to date on home construction and design ideas.
I just wanted to say that I love your website. My husband and I followed your instructions on building our own home. Most of the work we did ourselves, but not all. We saved $90,000 in labor costs and now have a beautiful home that we own.
--Sue and Les Carrigan, Draper, Utah
I built my own home doing all my own labor. My house costs me around $70,000 for materials. It took me 8 months to build and is about 2,000 square feet. I didn't think I could do it, but your house web site encouraged me. I used all the info you had.
Benny Luis Lopez,
I can't thank you enough for your free information web site about home building. I was looking for Electrical wiring diagrams when I found your site. It was very helpful.
Little Rock, Arkansas
My wife and I lost our home to foreclosure but we kept a plot of land to start over. We are halfway through the construction of our house. Your website gave us hope to start over and build a house with low payments. We are in our late 60's but we find it rewarding to put so much effort into a project that will reward us for years to come.
Name respectfully withheld