Kitchen oven range wiring made easy

Now let’s move on to wiring your oven or range top for your kitchen. There are new code rules in some states that require a four-wire oven/range cable. So you will need to install a 4-wire outlet plug when you do the electrical. It’s easy though. You just go look for range cable. It typically is called 6/3 cable.

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That just means it has 3 cables that are each 6 gauge and a bare copper ground wire. It makes 240-volts by adding together 2 of the 120-volt lines and using the third for a neutral wire that goes back to the neutral bus in the breaker box.

A four-wire plug will just have the bare copper wire attached to the ground and it will be grounded to the oven chassis.


oven wiring

oven wiring

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You will most likely have to attach the power cord to the oven at the junction box in back of the oven. You will have four wires.

There will be a block with four screws on it and they will be marked. Two of the lines will be hot, one will be neutral and one will be a ground.


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oven wiring diagram



We can see the plug with four wires that attaches to a block with four screws.

Remember the red cable and the black cable are both hot lines. The white is a neutral and the ground will be connected to the oven ground.


range cable


Some older homes have three hole plugs. If you have an older home that has a three hole plug, but you have a newer oven that has four prongs, you can get an adapter for cheap.




For more wiring information, be sure to see my quick wiring guide

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